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Temporomandibular Joint Syndrome

Learn about your condition and Treatment options

Temporomandibular Joint Syndrome

The temporomandibular joint is the joint that connects your jaw to your skull. When this joint is injured or damaged, it can lead to a localized pain disorder called temporomandibular joint (TMJ) syndrome or temporomandibular disorder (TMD).

Causes of TMJ disorders include injury to the teeth or jaw, misalignment of the teeth or jaw, teeth grinding or clenching, poor posture, stress, arthritis, and gum chewing. 

Signs and symptoms of temporomandibular join (TMJ) syndrome include:

  • jaw pain
  • jaw clicking and popping
  • ear pain/earache
  • popping sounds in ears
  • Headaches
  • stiff or sore jaw muscles
  • pain in the temple area
  • locking of the jaw joint

TMJ disorders often responds to home remedies, including ice packs to the joint, over-the-counter nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, avoiding chewing gum, massage or gentle stretches of the jaw and neck, and stress reduction.

When home treatment does not work, medical treatment for temporomandibular joint (TMJ) syndrome includes dental splints, Botox injections, physical therapy, prescription medications, and in severe cases, surgery.

The prognosis for TMD is generally good as people usually can manage the disorder with self-care and home remedies.

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